Territorial Defense

While studying abroad in Scotland, I became fascinated with the extravagant apparel worn by Queen Elizabeth I of England.  During her successful reign as monarch, Elizabeth I chose to adorn herself in clothing that made her the visual center of a crowd. Her prodigious gowns and jewelry enlarged her presence physically and asserted her dominance over her subjects—including the many men who wished to usurp her power.  As with most women, not all of my interactions with men in social situations have been positive. Although the majority of the men I have encountered throughout my life have been respectful, I have also met several that have been physically and verbally aggressive.  Finding this behavior to be a common irritation for many women, I began to imagine ways a woman could establish personal boundaries. 

In Territorial Defense, I address the feelings of frustration and anger generated by gender power struggles as well as the violation, insecurity, and fear caused by disrespectful interactions.  The initial forms are strongly influenced by Elizabethan Collars and the defensive positioning of animals.  The designs which create these shapes are inspired by art I find beautiful and dramatic; including Japanese Basket Weaving, Architecture, and Geometry.  This series blends a woman's need for safety with the physicality and psychology of adornment, allowing women to create a safe space within themselves.⁣

Circle Neckpiece


23.5"w x 7.5"h x 17.5"d

Japanese Basketweave Neckpiece: One


30"w x 5"h x 28"d

Personal Space: Aluminum

Aluminum, paint

30"w x 72"h x 30"d

Elizabethan Collar, one

Silver, titanium

20"w x 17"h x 13"d

Geometric Neckpiece: Two


19"w x 9.75"h x 16.5"d

Japanese Basketweave Neckpiece: Three


19.5"w x 4"h x 21"d

Elizabethan Collar, three


50"w x 15"h x 50"d


Copper, prismacolor

36"w x 26"h x 17"d



Japanese Basketweave Neckpiece: Two


32"w x 5.5"h x 29"d

Geometric Neckpiece: One


29"w x 32"h x 29.5"d

Personal Space: Crinoline

1800 sq. yards of nylon netting

9'w x 5'h x 9'd

Asymmetrical Geometric: One


14"w x 15"h x 10"d

Asymmetrical Geometric: Two


14.5"w x 11.5"h x 10.5"d

Elizabethan Collar: Four


23"w x 6"h x 21"d


Pewter, brass, wood, paint

7'w x 2.5'h x 7'd

Elizabethan Collar, two

Copper, prismacolor

54"w x 5"h x 54"d

Elizabethan Collar: Five


23"w x 6"h x 21"d

Oval Neckpiece: Large


30"w x 9.75"h x 22"d

Elizabethan Armor

Copper, prismacolor

16"w x 36"h x 11"d


Copper, prismacolor

14"w x 20"h x 24"d

Oval Neckpiece: Small


11"w x 4.5"h x 10"d



14"w x 38"h x 24"d